Meteorological (satellite)

Meteorological (satellite)

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They are a type of artificial satellites that have the specific objective of keeping the Earth's atmosphere under control, in order to collect useful elements for the global weather forecasting service.

In addition to providing images on the evolution of the cloud system, cyclone areas, snow conditions, etc., these satellites are equipped with special sensors capable of determining temperatures at various atmospheric levels, thus evaluating the effects of thermal balance on The evolution of the weather.

The first meteorological satellites were the Shots, launched from the USA from the 1960s and followed by the most sophisticated Nimbus. Since the early 1970s, the US has launched the new generation of NOAA meteorological satellites (initials of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), which rotate in polar orbits ensuring complete coverage of the global meteorological situation.

In the equatorial geosynchronous orbit, the Geos, operating since 1975, operate that have provided accurate data to the international meteorological program called GRAP (acronym for the Global Atmospheric Research Program).

ESA (European Space Agency) also has its own meteorological satellite system based on the Meteosat series.

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