The Institute of Radio Astronomy Millimeter (IRAM), is a Franco-German-Spanish institution that has an astronomical observatory in Spain, which appears in the image, located in the Loma de Dilar, just 800 meters from Pico del Veleta, in Sierra Nevada (Granada). Founded in 1979, the institute is managed by the National Center of the Recherche Scientifique de France, the Max Planck Institute of Germany and the National Geographic Institute of Spain.
The Pico Veleta Observatory is one of two radio astronomy facilities operated by the IRAM, next to the six antenna interferometer located in Plateau de Bure, in the French Alps. The Granada observatory is at an altitude of 2,850 meters, and has a 30-meter telescope that was inaugurated in 1984.
The IRAM telescope in Sierra Nevada is one of the most prestigious internationally, thanks to its great sensitivity to track millimeter waves, so every year about 250 astronomers from around the world come to these facilities, and many of the applications of use must be dismissed due to lack of capacity.
Among the research carried out by the Observatory of the Institute of Millimeter Radio Astronomy in Granada are the observation of dust emissions from nearby molecular clouds, black holes or the study of cold matter in the Solar System.
The Sierra Nevada observatory is in operation 24 hours a day every day of the year, and has a control room to operate the telescope and dependencies for scientists and IRAM staff.
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